Is an Estate Required to Repay DHS for Medical Assistance Under PA’s Medicaid Estate Recovery Program?


Nicholas Orloff

By Nick Orloff

If the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services (DHS) provides medical assistance to an individual who is over 55 years of age, DHS shall have a claim against that person’s estate to recover the cost of the medical assistance. DHS’s claim against the decedent’s estate includes the cost of nursing home care, home and community based services, prescription drug services and certain hospital expenses. All of the decedent’s estate property is subject to DHS’s claim, as well as life insurance that is payable to the decedent’s estate.

Sending a Request for Statement of Claim to DHS

The personal representative of the estate of a decedent that received medical assistance is required by law to notify DHS and request a statement of claim. The request for a statement of claim must be sent via certified mail, return receipt requested or facsimile to:

Third Party Liability Section, Department of Human Services

Estate Recovery Program

PO Box 8486

Harrisburg, PA 17105-8486

The personal representative’s request for a statement of claim must contain the following information:

  • Decedent’s legal name;
  • Decedent’s last known address;
  • Decedent’s date of birth;
  • Decedent’s date of death;
  • Decedent’s social security number;
  • Personal representative’s name, address and telephone number; and
  • Written documentation regarding the gross value of the decedent’s estate.

If the request for a statement of claim contains all of the required information, DHS must provide its statement of claim to the personal representative within 45 days or it may be forfeited.

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What if the DHS Claim Exceeds the Value of the Decedent’s Estate?

In many cases, DHS’s claim exceeds the value of the decedent’s estate. If the estate’s assets are insufficient to pay all claims, the personal representative must pay the estate’s claims in the following order: (1) the costs of estate administration (reasonable attorneys’ fees and personal representative commission); (2) the family exemption (up to $3,500); (3) the costs of decedent’s funeral and burial and the costs of medical care, including medical assistance, provided to the decedent in the six months immediately prior to the decedent’s date of death; (4) the cost of a grave maker; (5) rents for the occupancy of the decedent’s residence in the six months prior to his death; (5.1) all claims by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, including the remainder of DHS’s claim for reimbursement of medical assistance provided to the decedent prior to the six months before his date of death; and (6) all other claims.

When Can DHS Postpone a Claim to Recover the Cost of the Medical Assistance from an Estate?

There are certain limited circumstances where the DHS may either postpone the recovery of its claim or waive its claim if it would cause an undue hardship on the estate. For example, DHS may postpone the recovery of its claim until the death of a surviving spouse or any child that is blind or totally and permanently disabled. In the case of postponement, the personal representative must “protect” DHS’s claim and the estate’s assets by causing a lien to be placed on the property in favor of DHS.

Alternatively, the personal representative may make a written request for DHS to permanently waive its claim on the grounds that payment of the claim would cause an undue hardship on the estate. DHS may find an undue hardship and waive its claim if there is an individual residing in the decedent’s residence, the individual has no alternative residence, and the individual has continuously resided in the residence for at least two years immediately preceding the decedent’s admission to a nursing home or the receipt of in-home services and provided care or support to the decedent during that time

Can a Personal Representative be held Personally Liable for the Payment of DHS’s Claim?

If the personal representative of a decedent’s estate either fails to obtain the statement of claim from DHS or fails to pay DHS’s claim in the proper priority, the personal representative shall be held personally liable to pay the claim.

Therefore, it is highly recommended that any personal representative of the estate of a decedent that received medical assistance immediately engage an experienced estate attorney to assist with handling these matters.


Nick Orloff has been an associate with Raffaele Puppio in Media since 2012. His practice focuses in the areas of Estate Planning & Administration, Elder Law, and General Litigation. He engages in all aspects of estate planning for clients, including drafting Wills, Trusts, and Powers of Attorney. He serves as outside legal counsel for various Commonwealth agencies, including the Pennsylvania Department of Revenue and the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services. To contact him, e-mail

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